The Government Update
is issued by the Innovative Payments Association twenty times a year as a service to members.
Editors: Brian Tate, President and CEO, IPA; Ben Jackson, COO, IPA; Grant Hannah, Director of Government Relations, IPA; Eli Rosenberg, Partner, Baird Holm LLP; and Gray Derrick, Partner, Baird Holm LLP.
Please address comments and suggestions to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
IPA Podcast: A Pandemic Can Change All the Rules When it Comes to Fraud Prevention
Over the last 18 months, the dramatic changes in the ways that people live, work, and pay have meant that fraud prevention rules that were once very effective have lost some of their power.
In the latest episode of the IPA Payments Pod, we talk with Brian Grech, vice president of sales and marketing for Deep Labs, which uses persona-based artificial intelligence to predict behavior and prevent fraud. We cover how the pandemic created new risks that were not covered by old models, so what once looked like fraud could be a legitimate transaction, and what once looked legitimate could be fraud.
We also talk about what artificial intelligence is and how it can help companies adapt to rapidly changing environments. As we come out of the pandemic, the business environment is evolving rapidly. So, as we adjust to a new normal, companies will once again need to think ahead and figure out what lessons still apply, and what has changed now that the pandemic is over.
FEDERAL RESERVE (THE FED)
Federal Reserve Board Invites Public Comment on Proposed FedNow Rule
On June 1, the Federal Reserve Board issued a request for comment on a proposed rule to govern funds transfers over the Federal Reserve Banks' FedNow℠ Service. The FedNow Service will support instant payments in the United States and is expected to be available in 2023.
The proposed rule would establish a new and comprehensive set of rules governing funds transfers over the FedNow Service and set out the legal rights and obligations of the Reserve Banks and FedNow Service participants. Many of the concepts in the proposed rule are similar to existing provisions that govern the Fedwire Funds Service, which is the payments service currently operated by the Federal Reserve System.
Comments are due within 60 days of the proposal's publication in the Federal Register. Additional information can be found here.
CONSUMER FIANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU (CFPB)
Scheduling Order in PayPal Case Appeal Issued by DC Appeals Court
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit has issued a scheduling order for the appeal filed by the CFPB in the PayPal case. The order lays out the timeline of filings for the appeal. As a reminder, the CFPB filed notice with the United States District Court for the District of Columbia on March 1st that they appeal Judge Richard Leon’s ruling in the case.
In summary, the scheduling order requires that the CFPB files its initial brief by August 2, 2021, and that PayPal files its initial brief by September 29, 2021. Additional documents will be due in early-mid November, with final briefs being due on November 24, 2021.
A copy of the scheduling order can be found here.
CFPB issues Electronic Fund Transfers FAQs on compliance aid webpage
On June 4, the CFPB issued Electronic Fund Transfers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). The FAQs address the unauthorized transfer and error resolution provisions under the Electronic Fund Transfer Act and Regulation E, including situations when a consumer is fraudulently induced by a third party to provide their account information or private network rules conflict with the regulation.
The FAQs can be accessed here.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY (OCC)
Appeals Court Issues Ruling in OCC FinTech Charter Lawsuit
On June 3, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued a ruling in the New York Department of Financial Services’ (DFS) suit challenging the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency’s (OCC) decision to begin accepting applications for special-purpose national bank charters from FinTechs engaged in the “business of banking,” including those that do not accept deposits. In brief, the Court ruled in favor of the OCC and reversed a lower court ruling that blocked the OCC from issuing charters to FinTechs on the grounds that the DFS failed to show that the OCC’s decision caused it to suffer an actual or imminent injury and that DFS’s claims are constitutionally unripe for substantially the same reason.
The full decision can be accessed here.
June Congressional Hearings of Note
Below is latest intelligence the IPA has received on recent activity on Capitol Hill:
New Federal Laws
Pending Federal Bills
H.R.963 - Forced Arbitration Injustice Repeal (FAIR) Act
Summary: This bill prohibits a pre-dispute arbitration agreement from being valid or enforceable if it requires arbitration of an employment, consumer, antitrust, or civil rights dispute.
Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Antitrust, Commercial, and Administrative Law on 04/23/2021.
Sponsor: Rep. Hank Johnson (D-GA)
H.R. 1711 – To amend the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 to direct the Office of Community Affairs to identify causes leading to, and solutions for, under-banked, un-banked, and underserved consumers, and for other purpose
Summary: This bill would direct the CFPB to conduct research on barriers to financial inclusion and identify hurdles under- and un-banked consumers. It would also require the Bureau to identify best practices to increase participation in the financial system and included a reporting requirement.
Status: Passed/agreed to in House on 5/18/21. Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on 5/19/21.
Sponsor: Rep. David Scott (D-GA)
H.R. 1996 – SAFE Banking Act
Summary: This bill would allow marijuana-related businesses in states with some form of legalized marijuana and established regulatory structures to access the banking and payments system.
Status: Passed/agreed to in House on 4/19/21. Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on 4/20/21.
Sponsor: Rep. Ed Perlmutter (D-CO)